Swollen gums are usually the result of gingivitis or gum disease. When plaque and tartar adhere to the teeth under the gums, they facilitate the growth of bacteria. The bacteria produce chemicals and toxins that the body does not recognize. As a result, the body sends sends white blood cells to area (to ward off the foreign chemical) which results in inflammation. This is also known as swollen gums. Swollen gums can come and go periodically or can sometimes be a constant problem, slowly increasing in pain and the area that is swollen. In some cases, swollen gums will cause the gums to start separating from the tooth.
Obvious symptoms of swollen gums are of course, the swelling of the gums. This usually starts in only one part of the upper or lower gums, and usually on the gum line where it meets the tooth. At first, it may feel like there is something stuck between the tooth and the gum, and inflammation usually spreads upwards first along the tooth to the jaw bone. Swelling will then start to move along other teeth or even on to the opposite gum if not treated. When swollen gums are left untreated they will be painful to the touch and will feel like they are infected. Usually swollen gums are bright red or very shiny, but can sometimes look whitish due to infection or pressure.
The first signs of swollen gums usually occur when eating or brushing teeth, where contact with the swollen area is painful. This can feel similar to something being stuck between the tooth and the gum. If your gums are sore to the touch in a certain area, examine the tooth and gums. Dark red or shiny gums may indicate swollen gums due to the early stages of gum disease. Whitish ‘pressure’ areas are also a sure sign of swollen gums or gum inflammation. Check the rest of your gum line. If you notice that there are areas of the gum line where the gum is easily separated from the tooth, you may be headed for more inflammation. Any noticeable build up of plaque or tartar is an indication that gum disease such as gingivitis may be causing your swollen gums.
Prevention and Treatment
If your swollen gums are caused by the onset of gum disease, an obvious prevention method is to see a dentist regularly. Regular, proper oral hygiene will also eliminate gum disease and help to prevent further swelling of the gums. Because swollen gums can be quite painful, immediate treatment is usually needed. Use Quantum Health’s Gum Therapy to sooth gums in painful areas. The homeopathic ingredients in Gum Therapy will also reduce swelling and start the healing process for your gums. If your swollen gums are accompanied by bleeding gums, Gum Therapy can help reduce the frequency and irritation of bleeding. While your gums are healing, try to avoid scalding foods or liquids or foods that sharp and hard. Do not push any objects, including toothbrushes or floss into the space between your teeth and gums. Gentle and regular oral hygiene combined with a product such as Gum therapy will help your gums heal and remain strong. See your dentist for further information.